Sexual Revolution and
Sexual Rights in Finland
Abstract:The lively debate of sexual policy started in Finland at late 1960s. It included discussion of female rights. This discussion was part of Western sexual revolution. Gradually, sexuality has changed shape in Finland, as individualistic values have gained a greater foothold. Especially the sexuality of women has emerged in recent decades from the protection of intimacy to a social and human rights issue. The greatest challenge for the future and an open issue regarding female sexuality is its relation, on the one hand, to the relationship model, and on the other hand, to the model of “just having fun”. The experience of sex in the absence of all the demands associated with couple relationship helps to open the gates to the source of personal enjoyment.
Sexocorporel in the Promotion of Sexual Pleasure
Abstract:Sexocorporel was developed by Prof. Jean-Yves Desjardins at the University of Quebec, Montreal, Canada. Constantly updated with latest scientific findings, it is increasingly taught and applied in sex therapy in Europe and in Canada. It is a practically oriented, comprehensive model of all physiological, emotional, cognitive and relational components directly interacting in human sexuality. At its core is the constant inseparable neurophysiological interaction between the brain (mind) and the body. Modifications on the level of the body (motion, muscle tension, breathing) modify our sexual functioning, our emotions, fantasies, how we experience our sexuality and how we think about it. From childhood on, through learning processes, most people adopt particular habits to elicit and increase their sexual arousal (sexual arousal modes): through direct or indirect stimulation of their genitals while moving their bodies in varying degrees, with varying muscle tension. Neurophysiological findings and clinical observation evidence that high muscle tension, shallow or arrested breathing, and reduced amplitude of motion are less conducive to sexual pleasure than deep breathing, varying movement and muscle tone. Some therapeutic approaches focus on indirect psychosocial causes of sexual problems. Others, to the contrary, strictly medicalize them. Sexocorporel considers all cognitive, emotional and relational components in the context of the genital and neurophysiological reality of a person. Most sexual concerns originate directly from limits in sexual learning, and in particular, from a sexual arousal mode that cuts down on the experience of sexual pleasure, thus restricting the development of sexual desire, and impairing the perception of oneself as an erotic man or woman. Sexocorporel allows a concise evaluation of strengths and limitations in the arousal mode and other components directly affecting a person’s sexuality. It offers an effective therapy by way of individually adapted learning steps inducing new patterns of stimulation, movement, breathing, awareness, emotion regulation, and thought. It thereby promotes both sexual functioning and the sensory, emotional and interpersonal experience of sexual pleasure.
SexuS Journal ● 2015 ● 1 (1): 033-043
Neurobiology of Sexual Desire
The aim of this paper is to elucidate the anatomical and molecular nature of sexual desire. As such we have focused our attention to the telodiencephalic reproductive complex and the functional interactions with the cortico-limbic circuit that regulate sexual and non-sexual motivation. Major focus of our review was on the animal studies that included hormones, peptides, neurotransmitters and the unique study paradigms that were designed to separate sexual motivation from the consumatory behavior. We also have covered limited number of clinical trials but our primary goal was to review the animal study results. We present rapidly evolving animal research data that we hope will contribute toward the development of new drugs that ameliorate the symptoms of hypoactive sexual desire disorders
KEY WORDS: Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorders, Sexual Desire, Sexual Motivation, Medial Preoptic Area, Ventromedial Nucleus of the Hypothalamus, Testosterone, Estrogen
SexuS Journal ● 2015 ● 1 (1): 044-076
Altered States of Consciousness
Occurring During Expanded
Sexual Response (ESR) in the
Expanded Sexual Response (ESR) is a recently defined phenomenon. It is defined as “being able to attain long lasting and/or prolonged and/or multiple and/or sustained orgasms and/or status orgasmus that lasted longer and more intense than the classical orgasm patterns defined in the literature”. During our detailed preliminary survey to investigate the claimed ESR phenomenon in some particular women, we also investigated the subjective feelings and altered states of consciousness (ASC) during very intense and prolonged orgasms in the women with ESR. During our preliminary survey 72 types of different subjective feelings and ASC patterns were described in the 47 women with ESR. Among these were: depersonalization; out of body experience; flying; dying feeling (petit morte); ecstasy; rapture; explosion feeling; quivering, earthquake feeling; flooding; absorbing; spurting; blessed; shuddering; intense love; unreal; surreal; voyage to nature; seeing light flashes, color flashes, geometric shapes, figures; peacefulness; physical and spiritual warmth; loss of control; spreading; flowing; mystical experience; unification with the partner and/or the universe; de ja vu; crying etc. It is concluded that in some particular women with ESR, some of the very intense and prolonged orgasms induce a form of ASC of which mechanism is not explained yet! Pudental, pelvic, hypogastric and vagus nerves and oxytocin pathway is involved in the development of female orgasm. We hypothesize that blended nerve activation among these four nerves during ESR may be inducing extraordinary subjective feelings and ASC during profound female orgasms. “Four nerve theory of female orgasm” may explain the ASC during ESR to some extent. Also involvement of dopaminergic, serotoninergic, noradrenergic, opioid, prolactinergic and oxytocinergic pathways may modulate the altered mood states during ESR induced ASCs. Near to our ongoing research, more research to determine the scientific basis and parameters of ESR phenomenon in some females should be carried out, as well as the research on the neurological, psychological and neurochemical mechanisms of ESR induced ASCs in some females’ psyche.
KEY WORDS: Expanded Sexual Response (ESR); Expanded Orgasm (EO); Altered States of Consciousness (ASC); Status Orgasmus (SO); Four nerve theory of female orgasm
SexuS Journal ● 2015 ● 1 (1): 077-088